What is a hysterectomy?
A hysterectomy involves removing the cervix and uterus to prevent menstruation in patients who do not want to take hormones. By preserving the ovaries, these people would continue to produce female hormones that will allow them to conserve bone mineral for the long term but will stop menstruating and will not be at risk of malignancy in the cervix. In case these people do not want to undergo any further intervention, they will only keep the ovaries and the vagina.
Hysterectomy can be performed by two different approaches, transvaginally or laparoscopically. The decision to perform the intervention by one or the other route depends on the surgical possibilities, that is, the surgeon will determine the approach based on the size of the uterus, which if it is very large can only be removed by laparoscopy, that is, operate through the abdomen but unopened.